The Daclan Landing Strip in Bokod

Daclan Landing Strip Bokod Benguet Runway Airport Military Airstrip Construction History Length Location Coordinates World War American Guerila Forces Debeng Lake Tael Layout Cave Elevation Width The Daclan Landing Strip is located in Bokod in Benguet Province. Also known as the Daclan Runway and the Daclan Airport, this airstrip was constructed by during World War II by Americans and guerilla forces from Bokod, Kabayan, and other nearby municipalities to assist in transporting troops and supplies to the region to assist in fighting the Japanese Imperial Army. The Daclan runway is located near Debeng Lake and the Tael Cave. It is a potential natural attraction found in Daclan. Continue reading

The 66th Infantry Division Monument in Buguias

World War 2 66Th Infantry Shrine Buguias Benguet Monument Lengaoan Japanese Battle History Description Location Size Description Artillery Position Visit Landmark Barangay Province Army United States The World War 2 66th Infantry Shrine is located in Buguias in Benguet Province. The 66th Infantry Division Shrine is a historical monument located in barangay Lengaoan. The monument symbolizes the bravery of the combined Filipino and American soldiers where they stood their ground defending the area while firing their artillery against the Japanese forces. The 66th Infantry Monument is a potential man-made attraction of the municipality of Buguias. It is located along the Halsema Highway and about 75 kilometers away from Baguio City. Continue reading

Japanese War Notes

Japanese War Notes Invasion Money Paper Currency World War Occupation Denomination Value Denomination Circulation Value Wartime Finance Bank Southern Development Bank Hard Mickey Mouse Amount History Japanese war notes, also called Japanese Invasion Money, was currency in the Philippines between 1941 and 1945 during the Japanese occuption. The Japanese Occupation forces printed millions of paper bills of several denominatons to replace United States Philippine currency. Japanese Invasion Money was officially known as Southern Development Bank Notes. It is a currency that was issued by the Japanese Military Authority, as a replacement for local currency. In February 1942 Japan passed laws which established the Wartime Finance Bank and the Southern Development Bank. Both of these banks issued bonds to raise funding for the war. The former loaned money primarily to military industries. The latter is the one we are interested in here. Continue reading

The 11th Airborne Division Marker in Tagaytay

11Th Airborne Division Marker Tagaytay Cavite United States Army World War Ridge Landing City Mission General William Krueger 8Th Army History Location Description Landmark Monument Troops LiberationThe 11th Airborne Division Marker is located in Tagaytay in Cavite Province. On February 3, 1945, the 11th Airborne Division of Lt. Gen. William Krueger’s 8th Army airdropped military supplies and personnel on the Tagaytay Ridge amidst enemy groundfire. Their mission was to secure Tagaytay City and guarantee the easy flow of troops and supplies to Manila. The action later proved significant to the Manila liberation. A marker was made at the Silang Crossing to honor the event. Continue reading

The Cata-al War Museum in Valencia

Cata-al War Memorabilia Museum Valencia Negros Oriental world japanese bomb grenade artillery location Building exhibit collection display collection history culture artifacts hours entrance fee info The Cata-al War Memorabilia Museum is located in Valencia in Negros Oriental Province. The Cata-al War Memorabilia Museum is housed in a private residence on the outskirts of town and has a collection of relics from the Philippine campaign of World War II. Most of the relics were collected by the owner, Porforio Cata-an in the area of Mount Talinis, where approximately 10,000 Japanese soldiers died during the bombing campaign. Continue reading

The Panay Liberation Marker in Tigbauan

Panay Liberation Marker Tigbauan Iloilo Location World War Island Battle Visayas Japanese Imperial Army Kilometer City Construction Description History Troops American Landmark Monument Visit Info The Panay Liberation Marker is located in Tigbauan in Iloilo Province. The Panay Liberation Marker commemorates the landing on Panay during the Battle of the Visayas during World War II, effectively liberating the Panay region from the Japanese Imperial Army in 1945. The Panay Liberation marker is located 23 kilometers southwest of Iloilo City. Continue reading

The Guerrilla Notes Currency During World War 2

Guerrilla Notes Currency Philippine Resistance Money Paper History Monetary Value Japanese Occupation World War Peso Note Issue Date Circulation Banknote Bearer Silver Iso Negros Board Size Cash Info Guerrilla Notes or Resistance currencies were issued by different provinces and, in some instances, municipalities through their local currency boards to show resistance against the Japanese during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in World War II. Most guerrilla notes were in low denominations since they were needed for everyday circulation. On a One Peso Guerilla Note issued in 1944, the text of the currency read: Continue reading

Dinalupihan War Monument in Bataan

Dinalupihan First Line Defense Layac Junction Dinalupihan Bataan Marker Monument Landmark World War Philippines American Troops Japanese Invasion Rotunda Statues Allied Soldiers 38Th Infantry Division The First Line of Defense Marker is located at the Rotunda in Layac, Dinalupihan in Bataan Province. The First Line of Defense Marker marks the first strong line of defense of combined Philippines USAFFE Troops against Japanese invasion during World War II. Symbolic of the tragedy that befell Bataan and the gallantry of Filipino and American heroes who restored our country and people to a government of free peoples is a monument in the center of rotunda in Layac, Dinalupihan, Bataan. This monument features life size statues of the Allied troops and was erected by the 38th Infantry division, Army of the United States, in memory of the defenders of Bataan, living and dead, including the 38th Tank Company of Harrodburg, Kentucky, a unit of said division, in December 1941 to February 1942. Continue reading

The MacArthur Landing Memorial in Leyte

General Douglas Macarthur Landing Memorial Red Beach Palo Leyte Monument Landmark Statue Size History World War American Army Liberation Forces 1944 Candahug Bronze Construction Pool Japanese Info The Leyte Landing Memorial, also known as the General Douglas MacArthur Landing Memorial, is located in Red Beach, Palo on Leyte Island. The monument marks the spot where General Douglas MacArthur landed with the American Liberation Forces in 1944. It is located in Candahug, a barangay of the municipality of Palo in the province of Leyte, 5 kilometers away from the provincial capital of Tacloban City. The memorial consists of larger-than-life bronze statues of the general with other men, including then Philippine president Sergio Osmeña, Jr., standing in a man-made pool. The memorial was erected in tribute to MacArthur’s fulfillment of his promise to return to the Philippines after it was occupied by the Japanese during World War II in the Philippines. The Japanese Occupation of the Philippines ended Continue reading

The Death March Marker in Orani, Bataan

Death March Marker Orani Bataan Silahis Statue Location Soldiers American Walk World War Japanese Death Construction History Bronze Marble Background Placard Enscription Capas Tarlac Troops Tour Info The Death March Marker is located in Orani in Bataan Province. Located in Brgy Silahis, this statue marks the place where thousands of captured Filipino and American soldiers passed on their way to their final destination in a concentration camp in Capas, Tarlac. This horrendous episode of war in history is now known as the infamous Death March. This marker is made of bronze and marble as background. Continue reading