Biak-na-Bato Cave in Bulacan

Biak Bato Cave San Miguel Bulacan Mayumo Location History Refuge Cavern Entrance Hiking Trail Revolutionary Army General Emilio Aguinaldo Naldo Headquarters Government Pedro Paterno Peace Treaty Park Biak-na-Bato Cave is located in the suburbs of San Miguel de Mayumo on the northern tip of Bulacan. Biak-na-Bato Cave became the refuge of the revolutionary army that fled Cavite and Batangas. In the safety of this riverside fortress forged by nature, General Emilio Aguinaldo established the new headquarters of the revolutionary government and,

thru Pedro A. Paterno for the revolutionaries and Primo de Rivera for the government of Spain, signed the historic Peace Treaty (Pact of Biak na Bato) in November 1897 which stipulated that the Spanish government shall pay P900,000 in monetary restitution to the non-combatant Filipino families who suffered during the Revolution. Spain promised another P800,000 to be given upon the departure of Aguinaldo and his men to a voluntary exile in Hong Kong, and when Continue reading

Aguinaldo Shrine in Palanan

Aguinaldo Shrine Palanan Isabela Monument Location Revolution General Frederick Funston Landmark Death Tomb Emilio Church Yard River Santa Cagayan Mariano Cauayan Ilagan History Description Info The Aguinaldo Shrine in Isabela Province is located in the municipality of Palanan. Although Isabela did not play a major role in the revolt against Spain, it was in Palanan that the final battles of the Philippines Revolution took place when the American forces led by General Frederick Funston finally captured General Emilio Aguinaldo. Aguinaldo was captured at a former schoolhouse there in 1901. The Palanan Aguinaldo Shrine is located outside the churchyard, on the bluff overlooking the Palanan River. The Isabela Aguinaldo Shrine is accessible by aircraft, pumpboat and trekking thru Sta. Ana, Cagayan, San Mariano/Cauayan and Ilagan, Isabela respectively. Continue reading

Aguinaldo Cave in Bulacan

Aguinaldo Cave San Miguel Bulacan Cuarto-Cuarto Cavern Location Balaong River General Emilio Depth Size Hiking ChambersThe Aguinaldo Cave, also known as the Cuarto-Cuarto Cave, is located in San Miguel, Bulacan. There are three prominent caves exist along the banks of the Balaong River that circumscribe the historic barangay of Biak-na-Bato, namely Bahay Paniki Cave, Aguinaldo Cave and Bukal Cave. The most notable of these caves is the Aguinaldo Cave where the late hero, General Emilio Aguinaldo, once took refuge while leading the resistance movement against the Spanish and American colonizers. Militarily, its narrow but long entrance coupled with the existence of secret chambers can way-lay intruders. The enemy has to literally crawl through the low portal and would ran smack against the waiting defenses of Aguinaldo’s men. Aside from the presence of stalactites and stalagmites which come in various hues and sizes, the cave also boasts of palisades Continue reading

Mount Binaratan in Kalinga

Mount Binaratan Dacalan Kalinga Silent Tanudan River Mountain Province Jungle General Aguinaldo Hiking Camping Trekking LocationMount Binaratan is located in Dacalan. Dubbed as the silent Mountain, it was the entry point of General Aguinaldo during his retreat to Kalinga when he tried to escape from the American forces during World War II. It is near the Tanudan River, between the boundary of Mountain Province and Kalinga. The summit offers a breathtaking view of the province. The environment is very calm and peaceful, and it is comprised of dense, mossy jungles. You can spot different kinds of fauna like wild boars, deer, and blood leeches, locally called “limatik”. Mount Binaratan has an elevation of 1,800 meters. The activities for tourists involve: Trekking, Camping, Photoshoot, and swimming. Mt. Binaratan according to legend, is the hunting ground of kabunyan “The Kalinga God”, Once upon a time when Kabunyan is hunting at Mt. Binaratan, the birds are too noisy that Continue reading

Emilio Aguinaldo

Emilio Aguinaldo y FamyThe Philippine revolutionary leader Emilio Aguinaldo (1869-1964) fought for independence of the Philippine Islands, first against Spain and then against the United States, and who later became the first president of the Philippines.

Born on March 23, 1869, Emilio Aguinaldo grew up in Kawit in Cavite Province and was educated in Manila. Appointed to a municipal position in his home province, he was also the local leader of a revolutionary society fighting Spanish rule over the Philippines. By an agreement signed with rebel leaders in January 1898, Continue reading

Bonifacio Trial House in Maragondon

Bonifacio Trial House CaviteBonifacio Trial House is where the Bonifacio brothers were judged with the felony treason. The trial house was declared as a National Heritage Site during the time of former President Joseph Ejercito Estrada. This house-turned-museum witnessed the trial of revolutionary leader Andres Bonifacio. Its centerpiece is a life-size diorama recreating the trial scene. The Spanish-era revolutionary society Katipunan was founded and led by Andres Bonifacio in 1896. The group later broke into 2 factions, with the other faction led by Emilio Aguinaldo. The society then convened to form a revolutionary government with Aguinaldo as president and Continue reading

General Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit

General Aguinaldo Shrine CaviteIt was in this Aguinaldo ancestral home where General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed Philippine Independence from Spain on June 12,1898. It was also here where the Philippine Flag made by Marcella Agoncillo in Hong Kong was officially hoisted for the first time, and the Philippine National Anthem composed by Julian Felipe was played by Banda Malabon. Measuring 1,324 sq. m. with a five-storey tower, this building is actually a mansion renaissance architecture, combining Baroque, Romanesque, and Malayan influences. Continue reading