Opdas Cave in Kabayan

The Opdas Cave Kabayan Benguet Burial Skulls Bones Catacomb Tomb Ibaloi Tribe History Location Skeleton Mass DeathOpdas Cave is a mass burial site located in Kabayan in Benguet Province. Considered as one of the biggest burials caves in the municipality, it has 200 skulls and bones neatly piled on ledges reminiscent of the catacombs of Rome. Thousands of skeletal fragments can be seen on the floor. Unearthed in 1971, the mass burial cave of the Ibaloi tribe has about 200 human skulls and skeletons, which have been carbon dated to be from 500 to 1,000 years old. Little is known about the origins of the burial, but some theories suggest the deceased suffered from a smallpox epidemic brought by the Spanish or were entombed en mass because of their low social status. The Opdas Cave is located about 300 meters from the municipal building. Continue reading

Simboryo in Taguig

Simboryo TaguigThe Simboryo in Taguig is lying as centerpiece of the Sta. Ana Catholic Cemetery, erected by Filipino labor and supervised by Spanish friars in the year 1700. The dome is made of tiles and the walls of stones. The structure is 12 meters in diameter. It has retained its quaint mysterious appeal despite the minor repairs it has undergone in 1980 and in 1993. The Simboryo is an impressive elevated mortuary chapel reached by a wide, flaring staircase and ringed by an elegant balustrade. Crowning it all is a perfect cupola or dome measuring 12 meters in diameter.  But for all its architectural finesse, the round structure’s history is murky. A Google search will state that it was built sometime in the 1700s, but that would even make it even older than the present stone church of Taguig, which was only started by 1883. The stone retablo inside the chapel might help give a more accurate dating, as it is done in the Continue reading

Libingan ng mga Bayani in Taguig

Libingan ng mga Bayani in Taguig  ManilaThe Libingan ng mga Bayani or the Cemetery of the Heroes is the final resting place of 33,520 Filipinos who laid their lives for the country during the Second World War. Dignitaries and personnel of the Philippine military from privates to generals are also buried here. The Republic Memorial Cemetery at Fort McKinley was established in May 1947 as a fitting tribute to the gallant Filipino men and women who brought honor to the country and fought for the sake of freedom and democracy. On October 27, 1954, the Memorial Cemetery was renamed Libingan Ng Mga Bayani by the late President Ramon Magsaysay. Presidential Proclamation No. 208 was then issued by President Ferdinand E. Marcos on May 28, 1967, to reserve an area of 142 hectares from the Fort Bonifacio Military Reservation. This was intended for National Continue reading

Kabayan Mummy Burial Caves

Kabayan Mummy Burial CavesKabayan is one of the Municipality of Benguet Province in the Cordillera Mountain Ranges of northern Luzon. The municipality is recognized as a center of Ibaloi Culture. The Ibaloi, the dominant ethno-linguistic group, of Kabayan have a long traditional practice of mummifying their dead. Mummification began prior to the Spanish colonization. Individuals from the higher societal stratum of the Ibaloi of Kabayan used to be mummified through a long ritual process over a long period of time. Continue reading

Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery

Nagcarlan Underground CemeteryThe Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery Historical Landmark is a fine example of Spanish colonial architecture. Built by the Franciscan Friar Vicente Velloc in 1845, its octagonal grounds are enclosed by a wall decorated with wrought-iron grills and stonework meant to look like drapery.

An arched gate leads to the chapel built into the cemetery’s inner wall. Wings radiate from the sides of the chapel, forming an arc where the aboveground niches are found. Continue reading