Plaza Cuartel in Puerto Princesa

Plaza Cuartel PalawanPlaza Cuartel is the restored ruins of an old garrison where Japanese soldiers burned 143 American prisoners of war inside a tunnel, and stands as a grim reminder of World War II events in the Philippines. Known as the Palawan Massacre, Japanese soldiers in Palawan ordered the American POWs into air raid shelters. The Japanese poured gasoline into the shelters and set them ablaze, and followed up with hand grenades. As the American POWs attempted to flee, the Japanese opened fire with their weapons and bayoneted the POWs to death. The Plaza Cuartel monument has the following words inscribed:

“Sa pook na ito na dating tanggulang militar noong Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig naganap ang pagsunog ng mga sundalong hapon sa humigit kumulang 150 Amerikanong bihag ng digma noong 14 Disyembre 1944. Ilang nakaligtas ay lumangoy sa dagat patungong Iwahig. Ang mga labi ng nasawi ay dinala at inilibing sa St. Louis County sa isang panlahatang libingan sa Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, Missouri, United States, 1952.”

In English, the literal translation reads:
“In this site which is a former military fort during the Second World War, happened the burning of more or less 150 American prisoners-of-war by the Japanese soldiers on 14 December 1944. Some survivors swam the sea to going to Iwahig [penal colony put up during the Commonwealth]. The remains of the dead were transported and buried at the Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, St. Louis County, Missouri, United States, 1952.”

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