Formerly and more popularly known as the Crocodile Farm and Nature Park, it serves now as the sanctuary of the Philippine Crocodile that is endemic to the country. The Philippine Crocodile is currently included in the endangered species list and the conservation center is making ways to increase the number of the species. Aside from crocodiles, the center takes care of other animals like ostriches and other endemic animals to the island of Palawan like the bearcat. Palawan Wildlife Rescue is located south of the Puerto Princesa City center about 30 minutes to the rural south of the city and is a few minutes from the Iwahig Penal Farm. At the entrance of the park, a signage of the Palawan Wildlife Rescue and Conservation Center meets the guests. Behind it is a mini reservoir for the park and a water tank which are surrounded by an oval roadway. A mini reservoir is located just in front of the main building.
The Crocodile Farming Institute (CFI) was established by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) in cooperation with the Government of Japan in 1987 to prevent the further decline of the two species of crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus and Crocodylus mindorensis) found in the Philippines. The Technical Cooperation Agreement between the two countries ended on 19 August 1994. Since then the CFI has become solely a project of the Philippine Government.
Initially the primary objectives of CFI are: (1) to conserve the two endangered species of crocodiles in the Philippines and (2) to promote the socio-economic well-being of local communities through the development and introduction of a sustainable crocodile farming technology.
Realizing the potentials of the CFI, DENR has expanded its functions to include other Palawan wildlife. In 1994 CFI was designated as the only wildlife refuge and rescue center for the province of Palawan. Thus, CFI created a Wildlife Research and Rescue Unit to specifically attend to the needs of these confiscated and donated animals.
On June 19, 2000, the CFI was renamed as Palawan Wildlife Rescue and Conservation Center (PWRCC) by virtue of DENR Administrative Order No. 2000-49. The PWRCC has four (4) major components such as: (1) Crocodile Farming; (2) Wildlife Rescue Center; (3) Ecological Destination Park; and, (4) PWRCC training Center.
The PWRCC/CFI was the first, and so far the only crocodile breeding farm in the Philippines registered with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) of Wild Fauna and Flora. It became a CITES-registered facility on March 11, 1993 through CITES Notification to the Parties No. 732. Such registration confers to PWRCC/CFI the privilege to use captive-bred C. porosus for commercial purposes.