The Cebuano people was formerly the largest ethnic group in the country, is now second largest, only to the Tagalog, with a national population of 15,151,489 (NSO 1990). In the island of Cebu alone, they number about 15,008,593 (NSO 1990). Centrally located in the heart of the archipelago, they control commerce south of Manila. They constitute the major ethnic population and cultural influence in southern Philippines even among the peoples of Mindanao such that Cebuano is the lingua franca in the south. The people are found in mainstream society whether in government, education, industry, culture, and the arts. Cebu City is a major metropolis and has even an international airport.