The Hematite Hand Prints in Lamanok

Red Hematite Rock Hand Prints Lamanok Point Badiang Anda Bohol Petrographs History Description Stone Color Shape Size Tour Guide Age Paleolithic Stone Age Petroglyth Abstract Blood Island Discovery Lamanok Cave in Anda, Bohol is home to the petrographs discovered on its walls. The Red Hematite Rock Hand Prints are located at Lamanok Point, Badiang in Anda, Bohol Province. The rock painting is located in an isolated place and inaccessible except by boat or on foot. The rock hand prints is an evidence of civilization during the Paleolithic or Stone Age era.  The rock painting of Anda is different from the petrographs found in other countries because there were no images of bison, horses and cattle. The “art” found is abstract in nature and made with such such detail and subtle shading that they seem to confer a kind of power and dignity giving a pictorial narration by the ancient Boholanos. Continue reading

The MacArthur Landing Memorial in Leyte

General Douglas Macarthur Landing Memorial Red Beach Palo Leyte Monument Landmark Statue Size History World War American Army Liberation Forces 1944 Candahug Bronze Construction Pool Japanese Info The Leyte Landing Memorial, also known as the General Douglas MacArthur Landing Memorial, is located in Red Beach, Palo on Leyte Island. The monument marks the spot where General Douglas MacArthur landed with the American Liberation Forces in 1944. It is located in Candahug, a barangay of the municipality of Palo in the province of Leyte, 5 kilometers away from the provincial capital of Tacloban City. The memorial consists of larger-than-life bronze statues of the general with other men, including then Philippine president Sergio Osmeña, Jr., standing in a man-made pool. The memorial was erected in tribute to MacArthur’s fulfillment of his promise to return to the Philippines after it was occupied by the Japanese during World War II in the Philippines. The Japanese Occupation of the Philippines ended Continue reading

BPI and PNB Banknotes

Bpi Pnb Banknotes Bank Philippine Islands Banco Espanol Filipino Isabel National Paper Money Currency American Era Date Deonominaton Value Circulation Piso Size Specimen Peso Government Payment Info BPI and PNB Banknotes were the paper currency used in circulation in the Philippines between 1908 and 1937. El Banco Espanol-Filipino De Isabel II, renamed Bank of the Philippine Islands (BPI), and the Philippine National Bank (PNB), were authorized to issue banknotes during the American era, from 1908 to 1933 for the former and 1916 to 1937 for the later. Republic Act No. 211 dated 1 June 1948 ordered the withdrawal of the PNB notes from circulation. Continue reading

Kamikaze West Airfield at Clark

Kamikaze West Airfield Clark Pampanga history location runway construction japanese strip americans military air base field size length world war monument distance aircraft battle perimeter field info The Kamikaze West Airfield is located on the grounds of the former Clark Air Base in Pampanga Province. This airfield was constructed by the Japanese in March 1944. By October 1944, it was operating as the West kamikaze air field during World War II. It was here where the first Kamikaze pilots took-off on 21 October 1944 to attack U.S. naval forces east of the Philippines. This airfield was used by the Kamikaze up to 10 January 1945 when they transferred to Taiwan. On 28 January 1945, American liberation forces captured this airfield as well as the whole of Clark Field. Continue reading

The Zero Kilometer Marker in Bataan

Zero Kilometer Marker Mariveles Bataan History Location World War American Soldiers Death March Troops Japanese Imperial Army Construction Significance Park Memorial Landmark Size Description Info The Zero Kilometer Marker is located in Mariveles, Bataan. During World War 2, the invading Japanese forces assembled Filipino and American defenders at this location in 1942, forcing them to marching on foot to Camp O’ Donnell in Capas, Tarlac. The Death March took the lives of almost 10,000 prisoners-of-war along the tragic trail. A marker in honor of the brave, the dignified, the honorable and the undefeated by heart was built to commemorate this infamous chapter in Philippine history. The Zero Kilometer Marker is located next to a Jolibee restaurant and near the Mariveles Municipal Hall. It is located about three hours by vehicle from Manila. It is within walking distance from the Mariveles Mini bus terminal. Continue reading

Silver Certificate Banknotes

Silver Certificate Banknotes Paper Currency American Government Treasury Money Denomination Value Peso Dollar Victory Notes Central Bank History Size Piso Exchange Collection Archive Photo Picture Silver Certificates were issued as currency in the Philippines by the American government between 1903 to 1918. They later replaced these with treasury certificates. The liberation of the Philippines in 1944 gave rise to the Victory notes Series No. 66, wherein the word “Victory” was overprinted on the new treasury certificates. Eventually, these Victory Notes were overprinted with Central Bank of the Philippines to announce its establishment in 1949. Continue reading

The Pinol Cave in Maitum

Pinol Cave Maitum Sarangani Location Ayub Cavern Discovery Artifacts 2000 Years Old Potsherds Elbow Skeleton Remains Burial Jar History Archeology Barangay Tour Museum Archeologists Pottery Entrance The Pinol Cave is located in Barangay Pinol, Maitum, in Sarangani Province. The Pinol Cave was formerly known as the Ayub Cave, and artifacts dated over 2,000 years old have been unearthed in 1991. As recently as 2008, additional artifacts have been discovered by residents. Among the artifacts discovered are potsherds shaped like a woman’s breast and portion of an elbow, skeletal remains, and broken earthen jars. Sarangani is approximately 1,200 kilometers south of Manila. Continue reading

Hill 120 in Leyte

Hill 120 Dulag Leyte Location American Flag Raising Liberation World War History Tacloban Army Military Garden Monument 96Th Infantry Division Park Japanese Plaque Memorial Map Stairs Pictures Info Hill 120 is located in Dulag, Leyte Province and is 34 kilometers away from from Tacloban City. Hill 120 was the location where the first American flag was raised by the Liberation Forces of the U.S. Army on October 20, 1944 after the fall of Bataan; Catmon Hill and battle sites of Leyte Valley; panoramic view of Leyte Gulf and surrounding coastal towns. Landscaped garden with tropical flowers and shrubs; benches, concrete tables with canopy; restroom, open-air stage where memorial programs are held. There is a large helmet shaped monument to the 96th Infantry Division, and the other American units at the top of the hill. The hill top has a lookout tower and a commanding view over the Leyte Gulf to the east. A smaller Japanese commemorative plaque memorial is located at the base of Hill 120 dedicated to the Continue reading

Spanish Plaza Complex in Calbayog

Spanish Plaza Complex Calbayog City Samar History Construction Spain Colonial Building Pilot Central School Age Classrooms Architecture Period Repair Renovation Map Story Hours Contact Pictures Info The Spanish Plaza Complex, located in the vicinity of the Calbayog Cathedral, is located in Calbayog City, Samar, and dates back to the Spanish period. This Spanish building after the Handumanan Building, is probably the only other building which has been continually utilized since the Spanish period. It contains classrooms for the pupils of the Calbayog Pilot Central School. Continue reading

Central Bank of the Philippines Banknotes

Central Bank Philippines Banknotes Series English Pilipino Ang Bagong Lipunan Abl New Society Money Piso Currency Design Flora Fauna Value Paper Denomination History Coin Peso Centavo Description The creation of the Central Bank of the Philippines in 1949 paved the way for the issuance of banknotes and coins of the English, Pilipino, and Ang Bagong Lipunan (ABL or the New Society) series. In 1978, the Central Bank’s Security Plant Complex with facilities, minting and gold refinery was established. The New Design Series for banknotes, and the Flora and Fauna and Improved Flora and Fauna series for coins were subsequently issued. Continue reading