The Province of Albay is situated in the Southern Luzon land mass between the provinces of Camarines Sur on the north and Sorsogon on the south. It is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the northeast by the Lagonoy Gulf, and on the west and southwest by the Burias Pass. North of the province’ s mainland are the islands of Rapu-rapu, Batan, Cagraray and San Miguel, all falling under its jurisdiction.
Albay has a land area of 2,552.6 square kilometers, politically subdivided into 15 municipalities, three cities and 720 barangays. At present, it has three congressional districts. The province had a population of 1,090,907 as of May 1, 2000 reflecting an average population density of 427.4 persons per square kilometer. The population of the province grew at the rate of 1.77 percent from 1995 to 2000.
The province’s economy is basically agricultural with coconut, hemp, rice, vegetables, sugarcane and pineapple as the major products. Vast grazing lands are also available for pasturing cattle, carabao, horses, goats and sheep. Its forests are sources of timber, rattan, pili nuts and other minor forest products.
The landscape of the province is dominated by the world famous Mayon Volcano rising over 7500 feet above sea level. The volcano has erupted 47 times since 16161 with the catastrophe of February 1, 1814 as the most destructive, burying the church and houses in Cagsawa. Mounts Masaraga and Malinao in the northeast and Mount Catburauan in the west borders the expanse of Albay‘s land area.
The progressive City of Legazpi, Bicol Region‘s Regional Center is the capital of Albay. The province has large reservoirs of geothermal steam in Tiwi and Manito, supplying a substantial amount of electric power to the Luzon Power Grid.