Abra is an inland province in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon Philippines, bordered in the north side by the Ilocos Norte and Apayao, south side by Ilocos Sur and Mountain Province, Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur on the west side, and in the east side is Kalinga and Apayao. As it straddles the Ilocandia and the Cordillera, these landlocked province is a melting pot of the lowland people of dominant Spanish ancestry and the unique ethnicity of the upland Tingguian tribe.
Insulated by the Mountainous Gazebo, nature has remained prestine in Abra and life goes on in a relaxed pace away from the humdrum of urban cosmopolitan living. With a land area of 3,180.8 square kilometers, Abra accounts for one-fifth of the regions land area, the largest province in the region. It possesses the most number of municipalities (27) and barangays (303) among the seven Cordillera provinces. The seat of the provincial government is at Bangued, its capital town which is four hours from Baguio City and 10 hours from Manila.
The province teems with empressive natural resources. Among the region’s seven provinces. In the year 2010 it has the largest area of alienable and disposable land totalling 89,034 hectares, more than one-fourth of the region’s A & D lands. More than half of its land are forestlands which are repository of a myriad of forest products and minerals such as gold, clay guano, rock phosphate and cement raw materials.
Abra Province, is an impoverished Mountain Province lives mainly from tobacco and timber from its dwindling forests. It has gold and iron ore deposits, but these are as yet scarely exploited. The unequal distribution of wealth and property have turned Abra into war-zones between the New People’s Army and the regular army. Attractive places here are the Bani hot springs, set in wild scenery near Boliney, or Lake Kimkimay near Pilar south of the provincial capital Bangued.
The total population of Abra is 234,733 as of May 2010. This is an increase of 25,242 persons from the August 2000 census count of 209,491 or a growth rate of 1.20 from 1990 to 2010.